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DIDÁCTICA DE LA COMPRENSION DE TEXTOS ESCRITOS – READING

  • Pre-reading stage
    • Brainstorming to activate schemata
    • Anticipation / Prediction of content and vocabulary e.g. questioning, graphic organisers, visual / audio aids
    • Purpose-setting, e.g. questions, statements to be confirmed or rejected
  • While-reading stage
    • Skimming to extract the general idea of the whole text
    • Scanning to extract detailed information
    • Distinguishing between literal and implied meaning
    • Recognising grammatical word classes (e.g., nouns and verbs), systems (e.g., tense, agreement, and pluralization), patterns, rules, and elliptical forms
    • Recognising cohesive devices in written discourse and their role in signalling the relationship between and among clauses
    • Inferring meanings of unknown words
  • Post-reading stage
    • Recognising the author’s intention
    • Inferring context that is not explicit by using world knowledge
    • Distinguishing between literal and implied meaning
    • Recognising the communicative function of written text, according to its purpose

DIDÁCTICA DE LA PRODUCCIÓN DE TEXTOS ORALES – SPEAKING

  • Pre-speaking stage
    • Brainstorming to activate schemata
    • Retrieving of vocabulary, e.g. questioning, graphic organisers, visual / audio aids
  • While-speaking stage
    • Controlled practice, e.g. meaningful drilling
    • Less-controlled practice e.g. information gap tasks
    • Freer practice e.g. role-plays, simulations, discussions, debates
    • Teacher’s roles during learners’ interactions
    • Teacher intervention to provide feedback when aiming at accuracy and fluency

DIDÁCTICA DE LA COMPRENSION DE TEXTOS ORALES – LISTENING

  • Pre-listening stage
    • Brainstorming to activate schemata
    • Anticipation / Prediction of content and vocabulary, e.g. questioning, graphic organisers, visual / audio aids
    • Purpose-setting, e.g. questions, statements to be confirmed or rejected
  • While-listening stage
    • Listening for gist to extract the general idea of the whole text
    • Listening to extract specific information
    • Distinguishing between explicit and implicit meaning
    • Recognising features of connected speech (e.g. word and sentence stress, rhythm, intonation) and their role in signalling the speakers’ attitudes
    • Inferring meanings of unknown words
  • Post-listening stage
    • Recognising the speaker’s intention through the recognition of the features of connected speech, e.g. word and sentence stress, rhythm, intonation
    • Inferring context that is not explicit by using world knowledge
    • Distinguishing between literal and implied meaning
    • Recognising the communicative function of audio text, according to its purpose

DIDÁCTICA DE LA PRODUCCIÓN DE TEXTOS ESCRITOS – WRITING

  • Enfoques didácticos en la producción escrita
    • Process
    • Product
  • Estrategias didácticas previas a la producción escrita
    • Retrieval of related vocabulary through, for example, questioning, graphic organisers, visual / audio aids
    • Planning, e.g. brainstorming, outlining.
  • Estrategias didácticas durante la producción escrita
    • Writing a first draft prioritising content from form
    • Writing successive drafts
    • Editing based on provided feedback
    • Peer evaluation
    • Revision aiming at form: spelling, punctuation, capitalisation
  • Rúbricas de corrección de la producción escrita de acuerdo al propósito de cada etapa
    • Planning
    • Drafting
    • Revising
    • Writing the final version

DIDÁCTICA DE LA GRAMÁTICA Y VOCABULARIO DEL INGLÉS

  • Enfoques para la enseñanza de nuevas estructuras gramaticales
    • PPP: Presentation – Practice – Production
    • TBL: Task-based Learning
  • Técnicas para la enseñanza de vocabulario
    • Recognition
    • Production
  • Estrategias didácticas en la presentación de la nueva estructura gramatical o vocabulario
    • Brainstorming to activate schemata
    • Contextualisation of target structure / vocabulary
    • Lead-in & warmers
  • Actividades empleadas durante la práctica de la nueva estructura gramatical / vocabulario
    • Meaningful drills
    • Dictation techniques
    • Problem-solving & information gap tasks
    • Discussions & debates
    • Role-plays & discussions